Marshall stability & Flow value test in Bangladesh


  • Marshall stability
  • capacity: 50kn
  • Grade: ASTM
  • Mane in Bangladesh


Marshall stability & Flow value test

Bituminous mixes (sometimes called asphalt mixes) are used in the surface layer of road and airfield pavements. The mix is composed usually of aggregate and asphalt cements. Some types of bituminous mixes are also used in base coarse. The design of asphalt paving mix, as with the design of other engineering materials is largely a matter of selecting and proportioning constituent materials to obtain the desired properties in the finished pavement structure.


The resistance to plastic deformation of a compacted cylindrical specimen of bituminous mixture is measured when the specimen is loaded diametrically at a deformation rate 53 of 50 mm per minute. There are two major features of the Marshall method of mix design.

  • density-voids analysis and
  • stability-flow tests. The Marshall stability of the mix is defined

as the maximum load carried by the specimen at a standard test temperature of 60°C. The flow value is the deformation that the test specimen undergoes during loading up to the maximum load. Flow is measured in 0.25 mm units. In this test, an attempt is made to obtain optimum binder content for the type of aggregate mix used and the expected traffic intensity


Stability test

In conducting the stability test, the specimen is immersed in a bath of water at a temperature of 60° ± 1°C for a period of 30 minutes. It is then placed in the Marshall stability testing machine (Fig. 7.1) and loaded at a constant rate of deformation of 5 mm per minute until failure. The total maximum in kN (that causes failure of the specimen) is taken as Marshall Stability. The stability value so obtained is corrected for volume (Table 11.1). The total amount of deformation is units of 0.25 mm that occurs at maximum load is recorded as Flow Value. The total time between removing the specimen from the bath and completion of the test should not exceed 30 seconds.


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